Official Website of CSI Parish Kattakada, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

Official Website of CSI Parish Kattakada, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
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Kattakada


Kattakada was a sleepy village till the beginning of the nineteenth century. Some small temples owned by private families were the only institutions in the village. A village market began to develop when merchants and vendors from present day Kanyakumari District and Tamil Nadu began to assemble under a banyan tree, situated in front of the Bhadra Kali Temple. Thus, the place began to be called ‘Kattalkada’, meaning the market of wild banyan tree. This name gradually got itself abbridged and became “Kattakada”. Red chilli, onion and other spices formed items of merchandise in the initial stage. It may be interesting to know that these items were not native to our land; in fact, they were brought to India by the Europeans.
Another version regarding the origin of the name says that the word “kada” means the bottom of the tree. The village assembly was used to meet under the banyan tree. Hence the place was also known as the “Kattalkada” or the “span of banyan tree”.
As demand for these items increased, the market was developed and the local populace, especially farmers, also began to sell their products. Small village paths leading to Kattakada were formed. Most of the poeple came to the market by foot. Mud roads were made to ply on bullock carts to and from Trivandrum and Neyyattinkara. Barter system was prevalent. But cash system began to develop, as merchants from the Tamil country began to insist on cash. Later, the market was evicted from the temple premises, as fish and meat were brought here for sale. Thus, it was shifted to its present location.
 Invariably, the social condition situation was governed by caste considerations. The lower caste people were deemed to be “un-touchables”. Local bullies known as “chattamby”s  ruled the land. The people obeyed their words out of fear. The words of the upper caste people were the law of the land.
With the establishment of CSI Kattakada (then LMS), Christianity was introduced to the land. A large number of people became affiliated to this parish. As per the oral traditions, Rev. John Cox, the founder missionary of the parish decided to settle here because he saw people ploughing the fields with human beings tied to the yokes instead of oxen. The establishment of the parish brought about a revolutionary change in the social life of Kattakada.

The Kundaman Kadavu bridge was constructed with the aid of the British army towards the end of the 19th century (1898). This made the transportation to Trivandrum easier. Earlier, people used to go by walk through Vilappilasala and cross the river Karamana by country boats. By 1930s, transport buses were introduced.

The first school in the place was established in the CSI parish compound in 1910. As per the official records available with Poovachal Grama Panchayat, it was the first school established in present day Poovachal and Kattakada Panchayats. Inspired by this, Shri. P.R. William, a member of the parish started the first High School in Kattakada in 1935. It was a milestone in the history of Kattakada’s growth as a town. Many students, eager to earn education, came from far off lands by taking a walk. Until 1982, it was the only high school in Kattakada, Poovachal and Kallikadu. The school had as many as 15 divisions in each standard.